The COVID-19 pandemic not only impacted the health aspect of society, but also economically. Many communities affected by COVID-19 are forced to lose their livelihoods and incomes due to the pandemic. While people who were already poor before the pandemic are increasingly depressed and getting even poorer. Therefore, the Government must take appropriate policies to resolve the two impacts in order to not to cause deeper social problems.
Indonesia's experience in handling various large-scale disasters, in particular natural disasters, be it tsunamis, floods, volcanic eruptions, landslides, or earthquakes, provides a general description of the vulnerability in the management of public resources, in particular in budget-related ones, due to the relatively high risk of mishandling. Various cases of corruption have been addressed by law enforcers or reported by survivors who have not received their rightful assistance as they should.